Pierre Sutra

(Université Pierre et Marie Curi)

"Fault-tolerant partial replication at large-scale"

Experience with many applications (e.g., web caching, P2P sharing, and grid and cloud computing) shows that data replication is a fundamental feature of large systems. Replication improves performance, availability and dependability.

Replication algorithms based on state machine replication are attractive because they maintain a simple sequential semantics. However, we believe they will not scale to massive cloud and peer-to-peer systems. To be successful, future algorithms must: (1) support multi-object transactions across distant data centres, (2) leverage the semantics of data accesses, and (3) support partial replication.

In the first part of this talk, we describe two variants of Generalized Paxos, a solution to consensus that leverages the commutativity semantics. Our algorithms reduce message delay when a collision occurs between non-commuting operations. In the second part, we present a new approach to partial replication of database systems at large scale. Previous protocols either reexecute transactions entirely and/or compute a total order of transactions. In contrast, ours applies update values, and generate a partial order between mutually conflicting transactions only.

Zeit: Montag, 11.01.2010, 15.00 Uhr
Ort: Saarbrücken, Wartburg, Raum 410
Hinweis: Der Vortrag wird live nach Kaiserslautern Gebäude 49, Raum 206 übertragen.